What is the Ebola Virus?

Ebola virus disease is a serious, often fatal disease. It was first discovered in 1976 when there were two outbreaks – one in Sudan and the other in Congo, at the same time. People may contract Ebola through contact with bodily fluids of wild animals and the virus is then transmitted from person to person. The virus is also spread from human to human through contact with contaminated bodily fluids or by touching things contaminated with these fluids, such as bedding etc. The virus may be transmitted for weeks after the person has recovered or even when the body of a deceased Ebola patient is not handled correctly.
What is the Ebola Virus

Ebola virus infection initially manifests itself through flu like symptoms. Patients may complain of muscle pain and headaches along with fever and sore throat. As infection progresses, there is often vomiting, diarrhea, internal bleeding and rash. Kidney and liver function may also be impaired.

Currently, there is no licensed vaccine to cure Ebola virus infection, although two are being evaluated for use. Ebola patients are provided symptomatic treatment to make them more comfortable while the infection takes its course.

Latest News on Ebola Virus

The world has been riveted to news on the ebola virus disease. While the outbreak started in West Africa, cases are being reported outside as health workers and other people travel from there to other places in the world.

In the latest news, a UN employee who was stationed in Liberia and was infected by Ebola, died in St Georg Hospital, Germany. The man, who was originally from Sudan, was on experimental drugs but could not make it. He was the second member of the UN team stationed in Liberia to succumb to the disease.

As a result of the danger of spreading Ebola virus disease, officials in the UK have decided to screen passengers arriving at Heathrow Terminal I for temperature anomalies, starting October 14. However, there is some skepticism about the efficiency of the process and concerns that passengers from other zones will not be tested. Passengers will also fill out a medical risk questionnaire, including questions like recent travel history, contact with Ebola patients and current health. People identified as being at risk of Ebola virus disease are given contact information for Public Health England and are requested to get in touch if they develop any of the symptoms similar to those of Ebola virus infection.

Meanwhile, in the US, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, is in the spotlight for having two Ebola patients in the past month. Criticism has still not died down about releasing patient Duncan after his initial visit to the hospital after given some antibiotics and Tylenol. He was checked in some days later when his symptoms worsened and died in the hospital. Later, his records showed that his symptoms were more severe than first presented to the media after his release. Soon after, a nurse in the same hospital also developed symptoms of Ebola, despite wearing protective gloves, mask and gown.

This has resulted in a lot of anxiety about how equipped the US is for dealing with a potential Ebola outbreak. As a result, CDC is getting a lot of flak for its strategies for handling Ebola virus in the US.

How to Prevent Spread of Ebola Virus

While the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa rages on, news have also started popping up of patients being diagnosed with Ebola in other countries. Mostly it is people who have traveled from West Africa, but a nurse in Dallas was also infected while treating an Ebola patient. There is no licensed treatment for Ebola yet, which means that preventing it might be a more efficient way of keeping yourself safe from it and for limiting its spread out of West Africa.

Ebola virus

Ebola virus

How to Prevent Ebola Virus?

Treating Ebola is limited to providing symptomatic relief. Treatment for Ebola may include oral or intravenous rehydration fluids to improve chances of survival from the excessive gastrointestinal discomfort that marks this disease. The success of containing this outbreak will depend upon how effectively its spread is prevented. To prevent its spread, it is important to limit transmission on two levels: from wildlife to humans, and from humans to humans.

Animals most known for carrying the Ebola virus are fruit bats and monkeys or apes. People handling them should wear protective gloves and any animal meat intended as food should be thoroughly cooked at a high temperature before it is consumed.

More important is contact with people infected with the virus. In humans, transmission is through bodily fluids. It is recommended that anyone handling Ebola virus disease (EVD) patients should use protective equipment like gloves and masks to avoid contamination. Wearing goggles can provide safety to eyes from any accidental splashes of body fluids and contamination. Hands should be washed thoroughly and frequently, especially after visiting someone with symptoms of the disease. Clothing and bedding may also be soiled by body fluids and should be handled with caution. Such used stuff and other clinical waste should be immediately incinerated. For all other medical equipment, it should be effectually decontaminated before being used again, if at all.

It is also important to observe safe burial practices for people who die from EVD. The deceased should be safely and promptly buried to prevent any spread of the virus.

People at risk of infection include healthcare providers, relatives who have been in close contact with someone diagnosed with EVD and laboratory workers. It is important to identify people who might have been in contact with an EVD patient, and monitoring their health for at least twenty-one days. Laboratory workers analyzing samples for the disease should be suitably trained and take necessary precautions to avoid direct contact with the samples.

It is also important to separate the healthy persons from those infected to further limit the spread of the virus. Good hygiene practices and clean environments go a long way in reducing the spread of the Ebola virus. People who recover from Ebola may still be able to pass on the virus for a certain amount of time. This is why it is recommended that all survivors of EVD should abstain from sexual activity for three months or at the very least use condoms.

What is the Ebola Virus?

Ebola virus disease is a serious, often fatal disease. It was first discovered in 1976 when there were two outbreaks – one in Sudan and the other in Congo, at the same time.  People may contract Ebola through contact with bodily fluids of wild animals and the virus is then transmitted from person to person. The virus is also spread from human to human through contact with contaminated bodily fluids or by touching things contaminated with these fluids, such as bedding etc. The virus may be transmitted for weeks after the person has recovered or even when the body of a deceased Ebola patient is not handled correctly.

Ebola Virus

Ebola Virus

Ebola virus infection initially manifests itself through flu like symptoms. Patients may complain of muscle pain and headaches along with fever and sore throat. As infection progresses, there is often vomiting, diarrhea, internal bleeding and rash. Kidney and liver function may also be impaired.

Currently, there is no licensed vaccine to cure Ebola virus infection, although two are being evaluated for use. Ebola patients are provided symptomatic treatment to make them more comfortable while the infection takes its course.

Latest News on Ebola Virus

The world has been riveted to news on the ebola virus disease. While the outbreak started in West Africa, cases are being reported outside as health workers and other people travel from there to other places in the world.

In the latest news, a UN employee who was stationed in Liberia and was infected by Ebola, died in St Georg Hospital, Germany. The man, who was originally from Sudan, was on experimental drugs but could not make it. He was the second member of the UN team stationed in Liberia to succumb to the disease.

As a result of the danger of spreading Ebola virus disease, officials in the UK have decided to screen passengers arriving at Heathrow Terminal I for temperature anomalies, starting October 14. However, there is some skepticism about the efficiency of the process and concerns that passengers from other zones will not be tested. Passengers will also fill out a medical risk questionnaire, including questions like recent travel history, contact with Ebola patients and current health. People identified as being at risk of Ebola virus disease are given contact information for Public Health England and are requested to get in touch if they develop any of the symptoms similar to those of Ebola virus infection.

Meanwhile, in the US, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, is in the spotlight for having two Ebola patients in the past month. Criticism has still not died down about releasing patient Duncan after his initial visit to the hospital after given some antibiotics and Tylenol. He was checked in some days later when his symptoms worsened and died in the hospital. Later, his records showed that his symptoms were more severe than first presented to the media after his release. Soon after, a nurse in the same hospital also developed symptoms of Ebola, despite wearing protective gloves, mask and gown.

This has resulted in a lot of anxiety about how equipped the US is for dealing with a potential Ebola outbreak. As a result, CDC is getting a lot of flak for its strategies for handling Ebola virus in the US.

 

Facts, Causes and Symptoms of Ebola Virus

The Ebola virus is striking fear into many hearts because of its high mortality rate and no licensed cure as yet. Given below is everything you need to know about Ebola virus to be able to carry out an intelligent conversation about it.

Ebola Virus

Ebola Virus

Ebola Virus: Facts

  • The first Ebola virus outbreak was in 1976. This was when the virus was discovered.
  • The current Ebola virus outbreak started in West Africa. The disease spread now spans Sierra Leone, Senegal, Nigeria, Liberia and Guinea.
  • More than 8000 people have been diagnosed with the Ebola virus since March of 2014. The number of people who have died in Africa from the disease is approximately 4000.
  • According to the World Health Organization, 416 health workers have contracted the virus and 233 have died as a result. This may be due to improper use of protective equipment or poor hygiene practices.
  • 16 cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) have been reported outside of Africa. These are mostly people who were transported from Africa after contracting the disease. There are two cases of nurses acquiring the disease from treating EVD patients flown in from Africa for treatment – one in Dallas, US and the other in Madrid, Spain.
  • 5 Americans were infected with the virus in West Africa and were flown into the US for treatment.
  • The outbreak seems to have been contained in Nigeria through due diligence and precautions.

Ebola Virus Causes

The Ebola virus is primarily present in fruit bats. Consuming or touching food that has bat droppings or saliva on them may infect humans. It is important to thoroughly cook any food that might have been infected in such a way before it is consumed.

Once the infection has spread to a human, he/she can pass it on if special precautions are not taken. The primary mode of infection is through contact with the bodily fluids of someone infected with the virus.

However, the virus is only spread through a person if he/she is showing symptoms of EVD. A person is not infectious following exposure to the virus, until the first symptoms of the disease show up. A person does remain infectious following a few months after recovering from the disease though. The virus is also present on a person’s skin after symptoms emerge, which is why contact with the person should be limited and caregivers should wear protective gloves, goggles and clothing.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus in Humans

The symptoms of Ebola virus in humans show up eight to ten days after a person is exposed to the virus. In some people, it may take up to twenty-one days for symptoms to develop, which is why anyone at risk of infection is monitored for at least 21 days.

The first symptoms to develop are similar to those accompanying flu. Infected people may run a fever and complain of headaches and aching muscles. Sometimes, a rash accompanies this.

As the virus grows in the body, patients start experiencing diarrhea and vomiting. It is very important to keep a person hydrated at this point.

If the infection worsens, there may be internal and external bleeding. This may lead to blood in vomit and stools, or bleeding from eyes and mouth. Internal bleeding may cause vital organs like the heart and liver to start failing.

TCM Weight Loss Treatment

Being overweight in Western medicine is understood as the result of overeating and lack of physical activity and exercises. Traditional Chinese Medicine however states that there are more reasons to becoming overweight than these two mentioned above. Mental condition and person’s constitution should be also taken into account.

TCM practitioners in the Unites States and Europe say that the most important thing in human body is balance and when something functions wrong, it leads to imbalance in the whole organism which will later result in this or that health problem. Thus TCM doesn’t address to the obesity only, it studies all possible problems that can lead to excess weight.

TCM Weight

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine Five-element theory, the organ that is responsible for weight problems is the spleen. It is responsible for metabolism. It transports body fluids and produces phlegm. If a person eats a lot of sweets and is physically inactive the spleen loses its metabolic function. This leads to fat formation and later to excessive weight.

One of the biggest advantages of Traditional Chinese Medicine is holistic approach to human body. To deal with obesity, TCM practitioners use such TCM techniques as Qi-Gong, massage and acupuncture. They may be used individually or in a combination. Among other ways to deal with this problem are nutrition and herbal therapies.

Acupuncture however appears to be the most popular way in weight loss treatment. A lot of researches prove acupuncture to be very effective. The study of the University of Adelaide in Australia states that 95 % of people taking part in an acupuncture experiment report reduced appetite and considerable weight loss.

Qi-Gong is another pretty famous self-healing energy practice. It is used to treat different kinds of health problems as well as obesity.  According to TCM practitioners to lose weight your Qi needs to be increased. Qi-Gong helps to increase your QI and reduces stress.

What makes TCM herbal therapy so special is the way the ingredients are combined. Chinese herbalists usually use a number of herbs to treat different health problems. The minimum number of herbs is four.  In some cases herbalists can use up to 20 different herbs. After that, the practitioner measures the daily dosage and put the mix in a bag or container. The patient then boils the herbs to daily usage. Spicy herbs are the most helpful during the weight loss treatment. They vitalize the blood and circulate the qi enhancing the body’s metabolism.

Besides all that, it is extremely important to realize that there should be a balance between food consumption and a physical activity. Thus maintaining healthy weight is only possible with proper diet and adequate exercise.

How can Dengue fever treated at home?

Most dengue fever patients can be cured at home. Patients should take proper rest, eat nutritious diet and drink plenty of fluids. Oral rehydration salt should also be given to dengue fever patients. Intake of sufficient water is also important because it will prevent dengue fever from progressing into dengue hemorrhagic fever where loss of blood or body fluid is a major feature. It is also important to contact a doctor for dengue fever treatment if fever is not controlled.

Dengue fever prevention tips

Ades aegypti mosquito is a major cause of dengue fever. Aedes albopictus is also involve in the spread of dengue virus but it is rarely found. Stagnant water is a favorite breeding site for these mosquitos. So, the first prevention tip in case of dengue fever is to remove such water collection from a place where you live. People should not allow clean stagnant water to be accumulated in place for a long time. Following guidelines for dengue fever should be followed.

How can dengue fever treated?

Dengue fever is called to be a self-limited illness.  Treatment of dengue fever is done using fluid replacement, analgesics and bed rest. Precautionary measures in dengue fever should also be adopted. Corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin should be avoided. Sever cases of dengue fever can be managed with careful attention, active treatment of dengue hemorrhagic fever and fluid management.

Stages of dengue fever

Stages of dengue proceeds into dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. In case of simple dengue fever, dengue virus invades the body due to which patient suffer from sever muscle pains and high fever.

Why it is necessary to keep a check on platelet count?

Dengue fever which is caused by the bite of mosquitos needs proper dengue fever treatment otherwise dengue fever is fatal to health in any form. First of all, in case of dengue fever a patient must keep platelet count check every day. This measure helps to indicate the severity of dengue. Mosquito is a carrier of dengue virus. The main effect of dengue fever virus is on the production of platelets.

What are the symptoms of dengue fever?

Symptoms of dengue fever usually appear after 5 -7 days after the bite of mosquito. The dengue fever symptoms last for a week. If proper treatment of dengue fever is not taken, the symptoms can be more severe. Symptoms of dengue fever are:

What are the causes of dengue fever?

Four types of dengue virus can cause dengue fever. These dengue viruses are spread by mosquito Aedes aegypti and rarely spread by Aedes albopictus mosquito. Aedes aegypti mosquito sprang up in Africa. Now this mosquito is found in tropical areas of the world especially in areas which are densely populated.

How dengue spreads?

Dengue spreads when an infected Aedes Aegypti mosquito bites a healthy person. This mosquito gets the dengue fever virus by biting an infected person. The symptoms of dengue fever appear in 5 to 7 days after the bite of mosquito. There is not a single way to tell that a mosquito carries dengue virus.

What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe infection and severe form of dengue spread by some species of mosquitoes Aedes aegypti. Alternative names of dengue hemorrhagic fever are Singapore hemorrhagic fever, Thai hemorrhagic fever, Philippine hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

What is dengue fever?

Dengue fever also known as breakbone fever and it is caused by dengue virus. Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne infection. There are four different types of dengue virus that causes dengue fever. Dengue can be mild to severe. Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome are severe forms of dengue.