Information on kidney cancer

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Kidney cancer is not infectious and it cannot be passed on to other persons. Usually only one kidney is affected in this regard and it is rare for both kidneys to be affected by cancer. In adults, renal cell carcinoma is most common. It begins in the cells that line the small tubes within the kidneys.

kidney_cancer

Causes of kidney cancer

Studies have found that there are some risk factors for kidney cancer which include: smoking, obesity, high blood pressure and long-term dialysis. There is another factor which is related to occupation in chemical industry where workers are usually exposed to asbestos and cadmium. Exposure to asbestos also causes lung cancer.

Males are more likely to be diagnosed with kidney cancer.

Kidney cancer symptoms

Common symptoms of kidney cancer are:

  • Poor health
  • Feeling very tired
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • A lump of mass in the abdomen
  • Pain in the side
  • Blood in the urine due to which urine becomes rusty to deep red in color

Most often, these symptoms do not really mean that there is an indication of cancer. An infection or a cyst formation can cause similar symptoms but a person should be vigilant to seek a doctor.

Diagnosis of kidney cancer

A doctor may suggest one of the following tests, if a patient has symptoms of kidney cancer.

  • Physical exams
  • Urine tests
  • Blood tests
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Biopsy
  • Ultrasound test
  • CT scan
  • Surgery

Treatment of colon cancer

Treatment of colon cancer depends on the stage of cancer. Primary treatment options are: radiation, chemotherapy and surgery.

Surgery

If cancer is in an early stage, it can be removed during a colonoscopy. By means of laparoscopic surgery, larger polyps may be removed.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is used after the surgery to destroy cancer cells. It is recommended if cancer has spread beyond the wall of the colon.

Radiation therapy

Chemotherapy is used along with radiation therapy. In radiation therapy X-rays are used to kill cancer cells and is rarely used in the early stage colon cancer.

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