Diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer


The bladder is generally located in the pelvis which stores and collects urine and bears a muscular wall that allows contraction and expansion. Invasive bladder cancer is generally more likely to spread to different parts of the body. Cancer inside the bladder lining is called non-invasive bladder cancer or superficial bladder cancer. It has an excellent survival rate and more than 75% of bladder cancer is indicated and diagnosed as a superficial bladder cancer.

bladder ca

It has been estimated that 90% of bladder cancers are recognized as transitional cell carcinoma while adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma account for the rest ones.

Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer

The symptoms below may not be a sign of cancer but these should be checked by a doctor.

  • Lower backache.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Painful urination.
  • Blood in urine.
  • Feeling the need of urination even if someone is unable to.

Diagnosis of bladder cancer

Your doctor will first examine any signs and symptoms which you will have for bladder cancer and then he will suggest some tests:

  • A CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen to get detailed images of pelvis, bladder and the kidneys.
  • An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a test in which a contrast solution is put into your vein and the X-rays of kidneys, bladder and ureters are taken for detailed investigation.
  • A cystoscopy is a test in which a thin telescope-like instrument with a light is inserted slowly into the urethra and then passed into the bladder for a complete examination of internal lining of bladder. This test can help a doctor to remove a small sample of that tissue for examination.

Your doctor can take help via these tests to confirm if the cancer has spread to other parts of a body or not.

Bladder cancer treatment

The treatment depends upon your health, age and the type of cancer. It can be treated in the early stages of cancer yet main treatments are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biologic therapy also called immunotherapy

Among all, surgery is a primary treatment suggested for bladder cancer.


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