Insomnia Overview:causes, symptoms and diagnosis


Insomnia is a sleep problem that can affect the quality of your life. Insomnia patients have trouble staying or falling asleep.


Despite the fact that most of us know what sleep is and how we feel, after the performance of one or more sleepless nights, few seek medical help. Many people are unaware of the behavioral and medical options for treating insomnia or natural remedies for insomnia. Insomnia is not defined by a certain number of hours of sleep that one gets when individuals vary widely in sleep practices and needs.

There may be two types of ongoing sleep problems:

  • A short-term sleep problem

It is related to short term stress and usually gets cured in a month but it can last for some weeks.

  • A chronic sleep problem

It is also called chronic insomnia. Mostly it is a symptom of depression, anxiety or chronic pain. Chronic insomnia is generally less common than the previously described short-term sleep problems.

Causes of Insomnia

Insomnia can be caused by:

  • Lack of regular exercise
  • Stimulants including caffeine, tobacco, drugs and alcohol.
  • Pain
  • Breathing problems
  • Legs syndrome
  • Restlessness
  • Poor sleep habits which are caused by irregular bedtime schedule.
  • Depression and anxiety, which can make the conditions worse.
  • Stress, caused by fear of doing something or work overload

Symptoms of insomnia

Symptoms of insomnia are different for each person which may be:

  • Feels trouble in falling asleep.
  • Lying in bed tossing and turning waiting to fall asleep.
  • If somebody wakes up during the night and then feels trouble to sleep back again.
  • If somebody wakes up too early in the morning and then feels restlessness.
  • Feel tired when waking up and did not seem to get enough sleep.
  • Feel sleepy and grouchy.
  • Find it unable to get things done in the daytime.

What would be the diagnosis?

Insomnia is not a disease and no test can diagnose it rather it is a symptom of many other ailments. Physical exams and blood test can help in the diagnosis if a person complaint for restless sleep.


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