What is Bone Cancer?

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Bone cancer is a type of cancer that usually affects both adults and children. Bone cancer is most common in children and teens. Bone cancer can be divided into two types:

  • Primary bone cancer-if it is originated in the bone.
  • Secondary bone cancer-if cancer spreads from other locations to the bone.bone cancer

Secondary bone cancer is much more common than primary bone cancer as primary bone cancer is considered to be rare. There are several types of primary bone cancer including:

  • Chordoma
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Histiocytoma
  • Malignant fibrous
  • Ewing’s sarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma

Among all these types of bone cancer, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma are the most common types. Other types of cancer which can occur in the bone are lymphoma and multiple myeloma.Lymphoma develops in lymph nodes but basically it begins in the bone. Multiple myeloma is a bone marrow cancer and affects bone marrow cells so it is not a true bone cancer. The different bone cancers are named for the location of bone in which they originate and cause particular symptoms of bone cancer.

Any appearance of signs of bone cancer can damage and weaken the bones which may even cause fractures in later stages. Bone cancer pain is experienced by bone cancer patients. Cancer cells basically eat into bone, causing release of calcium in the blood stream.Hypercalcemia, increased blood calcium levels, result in heart beat anomalies, depression and kidney stones. High level of calcium in the blood results in excessive sleepiness and may cause death

A doctor takes several steps to stabilize the bone by injecting glue or reinforcing the bone with a steel rod. At present there is no proper cure of bone cancer and it develops when tumors from other areas moved to the bone and then spread to the whole skeletal system.

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