Causes and Symptoms of Lymphoma

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The causes of lymphoma are unknown. One of the major causes of lymphoma includes mutations in certain genes which are called oncogenes.This causes normal cells to start divide abnormally. Such causes of lymphoma increases a person’s risk to get lymphoma. The causes of lymphoma affect developing symptoms of lymphoma as well.lymphoma symptoms

Causes of lymphoma are:

  • Exposure to chemicals like pesticides, herbicides and nitrate contaminated water
  • Intake of drugs that suppress the immune system of a person
  • Having an autoimmune disease like gastric or peptic ulcer
  • Having a weak immune system
  • Having certain viruses that increases the risk of getting lymphoma

Symptoms of Lymphoma

The first sign of lymphoma is a painless lump or any swollen gland in the abdomen, arm, and underarm or in the groin area. Swollen lymph nodes usually appear to be tender and painful to some extent.However, in case of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma the lymph nodes swell without any evident pain. Lymph nodes in the neck swell as a result of sinus infection or in case of flu symptoms. It would be a matter of concern if the swelling persists for a longer period of time. Other symptoms of lymphoma include:

  • Red patches on the skin
  • Vomiting, nausea or abdominal pain
  • Breathlessness and coughing
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Itchy skin without a rash
  • Fever > 100 degrees
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Chest pain
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