Causes and Symptoms of Malaria


The cause of malaria is a mosquito carrying malaria parasite. Malaria risk factors include traveling in those areas which are favorable for malaria mosquito development. Malaria symptoms can occur despite intake of anti-malarial drugs for malaria medication. Symptoms of malaria occur within 9 to 14 days. The general malaria symptoms include:


The general malaria symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Flu-like symptoms

These malaria symptoms can vary depending on the type of plasmodium which caused the infection. Plasmodium falciparum take 7 to 14 days to show any symptoms of malaria while ovale and vivax take 8 to 14 days. Plasmodium malariae take 7 to 30 days. Symptoms of malaria disease are not always considered as dramatic. Malaria symptoms usually appear and disappear in phases. The cyclic malaria symptoms are due to malaria life cycle. There are also cases when malaria symptoms appear after 12 months when patient was bitten by a mosquito.

Malaria symptoms include:

  • Intense perspiration
  • Shivering
  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Slight jaundice
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Tiredness
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Myalgia

People with malaria risk are those who are bitten by Plasmodium falciparum parasite carrying Anopheles mosquito.


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