A Quick Look at Eczema

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Eczema is another name for many types of skin inflammation also known as dermatitis.Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. Although eczema is most common in infants yet it can affect people of any age.

eczema

People who already have a family history of eczema or other allergic conditions like asthma or hay fever tend to be more susceptible to get eczema.

What does eczema look like?

Eczema may look different from person to person and eczema skin symptoms may vary. Eczema is characterized by red, dry, irritating and itchy patches on the skin. It is also sometimes known as “the itch that rashes”. When itch is scratched, rashes appear.

Eczema is produced at any part of the body including forehead, neck, cheeks, legs, scalp and arms. Chronic scratching makes the skin to attain a leathery texture because as a result of scratching it thickens.

Causes of eczema

Exact cause of eczema is unknown.However, an abnormality in the functioning of an immune system is considered to be a major factor. There are some forms of eczema which are triggered by soaps, cosmetics, jewelry, detergents, clothing and sweat. Environmental allergens can also cause outbreaks of eczema. Eczema outbreaks may also cause due to changes in temperature or humidity as well as a psychological stress.

Types of eczema

Common types of eczema are:

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Contact eczema
  • Seborrheic eczema
  • Nummular eczema
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Stasis dermatitis
  • Dyshidrotic eczema

Eczema preventions

As it is commonly stated that prevention is better than cure, eczema can be prevented by adopting some simple measures.

  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity
  • Moisturize frequently
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid overheating or sweating
  • Avoid irritants or scratchy materials like wool
  • Avoid harsh detergents, soaps and solvents
  • Avoid all such environmental factors that trigger allergies like pollens, mites and animal dander
  • Avoid all such foods that may cause eczema outbreaks
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Filed Under: Skin Care

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