What is colonoscopy?


A colonoscopy is a test that looks inside the colon. The doctor generally uses an instrument called colonoscope that helps them to perform a colonoscopy procedure. Colonoscopy helps in the investigation of the following diseases of the colon. Colonoscopy is recommended when a disease of colon is concerned and after effects of a colonoscopy should be kept in mind as there may be some colonoscopy risks. There can be an appearance of symptoms after a colonoscopy.


  • Colonoscopy is used to identify and investigate colorectal cancer. Colon cancer basically develops from polyps or tumors that are the growths within the walls of the intestine.
  • These growths may take a time span of 5-10 years to develop and may not cause any symptoms of cancer.
  • Regarding how often is a colonoscopy recommended it is said by gastroenterologists that screening should be done after every 5 years.
  • Colonoscopy is recommended for detection of early diseases of colon.
  • Colonoscopy is done to find any places and causes of bleeding in the colon as well as it check areas having sores or irritation in the colon but colonoscopy complications may be there after colonoscopy exam procedure.
  • The above mentioned colon problems can cause some unexplained changes in the bowel habits.
  • Weight loss, pain, bloody diarrhea are caused by bowel inflammation and may result in Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • These inflammatory digestive ailments occur in young adults that produce chronic symptoms and a risk of colon cancer.

Filed Under: Medical Tests

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