What are birth defects and causes of birth defects?

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Birth defects are basically abnormalities, which can be functional or structural leading to many mental and physical disabilities. These disabilities sometimes prove to be fatal. There are thousand types of birth defects. Birth defects in children may lead to death after birth.

There are many different causes of birth defects. Birth defects may be caused due to many genetic problems. These problems are caused when there is improper functioning of genes or in some cases if there is a missing part of a gene. Birth defects may also be caused due to problems occurring in chromosomes i.e. if there is a missing part of chromosome or one extra chromosome.

Environmental factors are also very important to be a part of causes of birth effects. This is a case when a pregnant woman is exposed to measles or rubella or if she uses alcoholic drugs during pregnancy.

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Filed Under: Birth Defects

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