What is sickle cell anemia?

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Sickle cell anemia disease is a most common type of anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a disorder in which red blood cells becomes sickle shaped. Sickle cell is like the shape of a crescent while normal red blood cells have a disc shape and do not have any holes in the center.

Sickle cell anemia information shows that the normal red blood cells can move through the blood vessels more easily as compared to crescent shaped red blood cells. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which imparts red color to the blood. Hemoglobin is a protein, which is iron rich and oxygen carrier to all parts of the body.

In case of sickle cell anemia, abnormal hemoglobin causes disc shape to transform into sickle shape. These sickle shaped red blood cells stuck into the red blood cells and cause blockage in blood vessels in organs and limbs, which then cause organ damage, infections and pain. Sickle cell anemia is life long and an inherited disease proved by sickle cell anemia research and requires sickle cell anemia treatments.

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Filed Under: Anemia

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