RSSAll Entries in the "Infectious diseases" Category

What causes appendicitis to occur?

Causes of appendicitis are not properly understood. This can be due to many factors i.e. obstruction and ulceration within the appendix and bacterial invasion are major appendicitis causes. These conditions allow favorable sites for bacterial multiplication and appendix pain. In such conditions appendix get inflammation and swells. It becomes rupture when it fills with pus cells.

What causes cholera in adults and children?

Drinking and eating contaminated food causes cholera. Cholera epidemic occurs after some natural disaster when clean supply of food and drinking water become unavailable. History of cholera suggests that cholera can spread from the affected people that use contaminated water. Uncooked vegetables and fruits as well as raw shellfish are some of the other causes of cholera. Vibrio cholera bacteria, that causes cholera is found in our environment and exists in two cycles, i.e. one in humans and other in the environment.

An insight to the symptoms of cholera

People who are exposed to vibrio cholera (cholera bacterium) usually don’t suffer illness and don’t know whether they are infected or not. Cholera bacteria releases in stool up to 14 days and can infect other individuals. Many cases of cholera can cause moderate diarrhea. Symptoms of cholera develop in a ratio of one in ten. Prominent symptoms of cholera are:

Cholera diagnosis in adults and children

Diagnosis of cholera is based on the history of a patient’s disease suffering from cholera. Many questions are asked by a doctor including travel history, use of current medicines, recent medical conditions, current history of drinks and foods consumed by the patient. The doctor advises a physical exam for a complete diagnosis of cholera. Physician asks for some stool sample of a patient in case of the cholera disease.

How to treat cholera?

Treatment for cholera or cholera disease is given by rehydration. Adequate volumes of electrolytes, intravenous fluids and rehydration salts are given to a cholera patient. Antibiotics are also used to reduce the requirement of fluids and the timing of illness. There are several cases for which antibiotics are administered. These antibiotics are ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, doxycycline and tetracycline.

What is the treatment of common cold?

No specific cures for common cold are available. The generalized treatment of common cold can help to relieve the symptoms of common cold and make a patient feel better. Natural home remedies for the common cold are more effective than the use of antibiotics.

What is the diagnosis of common cold?

Some symptoms of common cold help in the diagnosis of common cold. These symptoms include running nose, sneezing and fatigue. Fever may or may not accompany common colds. The common cold can be diagnosed easily by a person without seeing a doctor.

What causes common cold?

As the name suggests, every year there are over one billion common cold episodes in the United States. It is more common than any other type of illness. Children having common cold may have it until they grow up. Common cold and flu is a contagious disease. Common cold is a year round disease.

What are the symptoms of common cold?

Symptoms of common cold ensure better remedies for common cold. Common cold symptoms appear in 1 to 2 days after affecting with common cold causing virus. As the symptoms run ahead the color of nose discharge become yellow and green. Clear symptoms of cold are necessary for common cold treatment or cold remedies.

What is plague?

Infection of plague is caused due to bacterium Yersinia pestis. This bacterium is found in fleas and rats. Animals and humans suffer with plague from flea bites and rats. Plague has destroyed many civilizations. Plague is uncommon today. It is all because of better living standards and antibiotics.

What is bioterrorism?

Bioterrorism is the spread of viruses, bacteria and other germs. Its purpose is to threaten people, causing illness and even death. The biological agents are present in our nature but these agents can also be made to spread particular diseases that also resist a certain medical treatment.

What is cholera?

Cholera is an infectious disease of intestine caused by taking contaminated food and water. Cholera disease is caused by bacterium Vibrio cholerae. With short incubation period of 1 to 5 days, it produces enterotoxin, which can cause watery diarrhea and lead to dehydration. This can cause even death in case of improper cholera treatment.

What is lyme disease?

Tick bite produces lyme disease. Lyme disease constitutes many lyme disease symptoms. Lyme disease is also called borreliosis or borrelia. This disease is caused by a bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Usually mice have this type of bacterium. Through ticks the bacterium from mice is passed to individuals and get into the bloodstream of a person.

Introduction to infectious diseases

An infectious disease is caused by virus, fungus protozoan and bacteria. Some diseases are transmitted from person to person and include STDs, HIV and MRSA or it also be transmitted from an animal to person (zoonotic diseases). Swine flu is an emerging infectious disease.